Brake Repair and Replacement
The function of your brakes requires much more than pushing down the brake pedal. It takes an intricate brake system made up of brake pads, brake rotors, brake fluid, the caliper, brake lines, the wheel cylinder and master cylinder, all which contribute to friction used to slow or stop the car.
Auto Doctors are experts at fixing any part of the brakes system, and clean, inspect and lubricate every brake component during any brake job. Also at Auto Doctors, with the installation of new brake pads, the brake rotors are also resurfaced or replaced.
Let’s look at each piece of the brake system, its function, and any necessary maintenance.
Brake Pads – Brake pads are mainly responsible for creating the friction needed to stop the vehicle. These are usually the first part of the brakes that go bad, based on usage. They should be inspected once per year. Your brake pads could use repair if they squeal or grind, the pedal pulsation feels different, the vehicle pulls to one side when braking, there is no power when braking, fluid is leaking, or the vehicle shakes when coming to a stop.
Brake Rotors or Brake Discs – Brake pads clamp on to the brake rotors to stop the wheels from spinning. They are inspected during every brake inspection, and will be resurfaced or replaced when the brake pads are replaced.
Brake Fluid – Brake fluid allows each component of the brake system to function properly.
Caliper – This clamps the brake pads to the spinning rotor to help stop the vehicle.
Brake Lines – The brake lines circulate brake fluid and maintain proper system pressure. Flexible lines also allow for movement of suspension and steering parts.
Wheel Cylinder – The wheel cylinder forces the brake shoes against the drum to stop the vehicle.
Master Cylinder – The master cylinder causes the brake fluid to flow toward the caliper or wheel cylinder at the proper pressure. Brake fluid multiplies the pressure from the pedal into enough pressure to stop the car.
Emergency Brake – When you park on an incline, your emergency brake is used as an additional safeguard. Always ensure that it is properly working.
ABS Light, Antilock Brakes – Diagnosis is needed to determine the reason for the antilock brake light to come on.